Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a problem-focused and action oriented psychotherapy that combines cognitive and behavioral principles to improve a person’s state of mind both in the present moment and in the future. It is founded upon the concept that “how we think or perceive a situation influences how we feel and what we do” (Royal College of Psychiatrists, UK). With this in mind, by changing unhealthy attitudes, thoughts and beliefs (negative cognitions), and reflecting upon how these might relate to dysfunctional behaviors, we can change our emotions for the better. Based upon this core premise, a number of disorder-specific CBT interventions have been increasingly developed that specifically acknowledge various cognitive & behavioral factors characteristic to a wide range of childhood and adult disorders and problems.
Compared to other interventions, specifically medication, CBT has been found to be a promising psychotherapeutic treatment for several childhood and adult disorders as once strategies are harnessed they can be practiced, developed and maintained beyond cessation of therapy – this being one of many reasons why CBT is considered a ‘gold standard’ in reducing symptoms and improving functioning (Child Mind Institute). Apart from being clinically recognized, CBT is one of the most extensively investigated psychotherapies, with more than 325 empirical studies published across over 20 years of research (Butler et al., 2006).
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For more information on CBT, please refer to our Information Sheet below: